There is much more to climate change than carbon dioxide. Of all the molecules rising to cause stronger storms, longer droughts, more fires, pestilence, local extinctions, and sea level rising, global carbon is the easiest to measure as an indicator of overall planet health. The other greenhouse gasses, methane, nitrous oxides, and especially water vapor are more difficult to measure due to their dynamic, constantly shifting nature.
Global carbon dioxide levels are observed and recorded far from industries 11,000 feet above sea level at the Mauna Loa Observatory. Carbon dioxide rose steadily from 315 parts per million (ppm) in 1958…
Dougie MacLean's song is titled Until We Meet Again. It's a great closing song.
"Until we meet again, I wish you well
I hope your light shines easily
And until we meet again, it doesn't matter how we've done
On Athol side I'll see you further on
You can't teach those who do not wish to learn. Well said. I do not think you hot-headed at all which is why I engage in word play with you. I mistook your painfully personal experiences with political positions, et al. for being the common complaint so often expressed by others about climate deniers in general. thanks for taking the time to explain situations. Of course you pick your battles, sometimes they're in your face, and wisely stay focused on "more productive endeavors." Bravo!
BootstrapCompost dot com is a leading compost pickup service in Massachusetts. “Partnering with local farms, Bootstrap diverts thousands of pounds of organic material from landfills every day. As a result, we are harnessing the potential of organic refuse to redefine and empower a local food community. Our farms benefit from our compost in the production of crops while each Bootstrap subscriber receives a portion of black gold for their own gardening projects. Remaining compost is donated to schools and community gardens. We consider it thoughtful, sustainable, and community-engineered composting.”
Each tenant would have their own sealable Bootstrap bucket. Ideally the housing association would pay the fee. Tenant is responsible for putting out bucket on designated day. Bootstrap picks up bucket and leaves clean bucket behind.
Bird feeders bring much joy and very much connect people, especially us living in more urban areas, with nature. Hummingbird feeders need to be carefully maintained so that the sugar water does not go bad, but bring much delight. You can combine bird feeding with local plants by planting shrubs or trees that have berries. Birds that do not come to a feeder for seed will perch on a branch for an old berry. Yesterday for the first time there was a downy woodpecker sitting on the feeder. Sparrows came and went while woodpecker looked up and down. Finally he grabbed a sunflower seed and flew off. I like to think the feeder helped that bird through a tough time.
Methane hydrate, the so-called monster, lies beneath the sea floor. In sediments on the ocean bottom, microorganisms remove oxygen making conditions lower down anoxic. Here, methanogens produce methane that is trapped as the notorious gas hydrates.
In practice, rather than theory, there is a catastrophic difference between the increasing summer melt of Arctic Ocean sea ice and the thaw of methane hydrate down below.
In June, 2020, Mackinaw City, Michigan, a judge ordered the Canadian energy firm to shut down operation of its pipeline that crosses the 3.5 mile Straits of Mackinac. The pipeline, built in 1953, courses 23 million gallons a day of synthetic crude, natural gas liquids, sweet crude, and light sour crude oil. Located at the top of the Michigan mitten, the pipe spans three and one-half miles beneath the straits that connect Lake Huron and Lake Michigan.
A screw anchor support was found to have shifted, not the pipeline. Enbridge thought no big deal to their Line 5, but the…
Rob Moir, Ph.D. is Executive Director of the Ocean River Institute. He writes Clam Chowdah dot org blog and hosts Moir’s Environmental Dialogues iTalk radio.